Acceleration and Braking: Heavy loads significantly affect acceleration and braking. A van loaded with a considerable weight might take longer to reach desired speeds and will require a longer braking distance. Drivers need to anticipate these changes and adjust their driving, accordingly, allowing more time to accelerate and brake safely.
Handling and Steering: Heavy loads alter the van’s centre of gravity, affecting its stability and handling. The vehicle might feel less responsive to steering inputs, particularly when taking corners or navigating tight spaces. Drivers should anticipate this change in manoeuvrability and drive more cautiously, especially at higher speeds or on uneven roads.
Suspension and Ride Quality: Excessive weight can strain the van’s suspension system, leading to a bumpier ride. This can impact comfort for passengers and might affect the stability of the vehicle. Careful driving and avoiding sudden manoeuvres can help mitigate this issue.
Fuel Efficiency: Transporting heavy loads consumes more fuel due to increased engine effort to move the weight. Drivers should expect decreased fuel efficiency and plan accordingly by refuelling more frequently for longer journeys.
Traction and Stability: Heavier loads can affect the van’s traction, especially in adverse weather conditions. The added weight can reduce tire grip, potentially impacting stability and control. Drivers should drive cautiously, particularly in wet or slippery conditions, to maintain traction.
Mechanical Wear and Tear: Transporting heavy loads places additional stress on various mechanical components, such as brakes, tires, suspension, and engine. Regular maintenance checks and adherence to recommended load limits can help prevent excessive wear and potential mechanical issues.